As a freelance animal trainer and consultant in the Los Angeles area, Josh Ruffell works with many different types of animals. The ones Josh Ruffell specializes in, however, are reptiles, including venomous snakes. He has handled reptiles on film projects such as G.I. Joe and Failure to Launch.
The longest and one of the most intelligent venomous snakes in the world, the king cobra earns much of its notoriety from its size and signature hood. The snake has bones and muscles just behind the head which can fan out when it feels threatened, allowing it to display radically increased lateral size to a predator, potentially discouraging it from attacking. The hood deployment often comes with a loud hiss, further warning would-be predators.
King cobras are also known for territoriality and protectiveness, doing much more than the average snake to protect their future young. The female shifts leaves on the ground to build a nest, then after laying the eggs, covers them with more debris. By lying on top or nearby the nest until they hatch, the king cobra ensures its young are able to develop in their eggs without being taken by opportunistic predators.
Josh Ruffell is an animal trainer and consultant who works with various clients throughout the Los Angeles, California, region. A reptile expert, Josh Ruffell has worked with and handled a myriad of reptile species, around the globe.
Whether an individual needs to handle a pet snake or has a wild snake in the backyard, there are a few helpful tips to keep in mind. For reptile owners, a snake hook can be an invaluable tool in picking up and handling snakes. Hooks are especially effective when it comes to handling irritable or aggressive snakes, and picking up an active, mobile snake.
In order to avoid physically harming a snake when handling it, individuals are advised to support as much of the body as possible. It can help to hold the snake near the mid-section, using both hands to support a non venomous species, or potentially using two hooks for a venomous species. Snake owners should never pick up a snake too close to the head, as many snakes are sensitive in this area and may find it uncomfortable. Similarly, a snake picked up by the tip of the tail is likely to thrash about, possibly injuring itself and the handler.
Individuals are almost always better off not interacting with wild snakes, especially If the snake is unidentifiable or known to be venomous. Non venomous snakes should still be treated with caution and respect and, again, are best left alone. Wild snakes should only be handled by a trained professional.
Josh Ruffell is a freelance animal trainer and consultant who has worked with leading animal training companies on a number of films and television shows. In this capacity, his responsibilities include wildlife safety consulting and on occasion, standing in for actors in potentially challenging animal scenes. Particularly interested in reptiles, Josh Ruffell attributes some of this fondness to his first pet snake, a ball python he acquired as a teenager.
Ball pythons generally make good pets because they are relatively small, usually docile, and easy to care for. One aspect of care it is crucial to get right is the housing, which will help keep your ball python safe, healthy, and free of stress.
Juvenile ball pythons do not need a very large enclosure, as smaller enclosures actually help them feel more secure, whereas a larger habitat might overwhelm your snake and cause it stress. For adults, the sweet spot seems to be approximately one and a half times its overall length.
For the substrate, most reptile-friendly substrates you find at your local pet store will work. Provide your ball python with plenty of places to hide, as these shy snakes often prefer the safety and comfort of solitude. While you do not want to clutter the enclosure too much, provide at least one hiding place at each end where the temperatures will differ.
Speaking of temperature, as ectotherms or cold blooded animals, ball pythons need an ample supply of external heat to stay active and healthy. Providing areas of varying temperature within your snake’s enclosure will allow them to self-regulate depending on their current needs. Set your habitat up with a basking site of around 88 to 90 degrees, and a cooler area around 78-80 degrees.